Community Information

Abuse can take place in any setting - an individual’s private home, care home, hospital, day service, public transport, police station, college. This list is endless. Abuse and neglect can take many forms. It may be an isolated incident, a series of incidents or a long term pattern of behaviour and could affect one person or more, whether in someone’s home, in public or in an institutional setting.

An adult who could be at risk of abuse or neglect is any person aged 18 or above who has needs for care and support and as a result of those needs, is unable to protect themselves against the abuse or neglect or the risk of it.

They may include:
  • People with a mental health problem or mental illness (including dementia)
  • People with a physical or learning disability
  • People with a sensory impairment
  • People who are frail and/or experiencing a temporary illness

The Essex Safeguarding Board defines the ten different categories of abuse as:

  • Physical abuse
  • Domestic abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Psychological abuse
  • Financial or Material abuse
  • Modern slavery
  • Discriminatory abuse 
  • Organisational abuse 
  • Neglect 
  • Self-neglect 

More information on the different types of abuse and information on different types of safeguarding issues is available.

Think Safe website

The Think Safe website contains information produced in partnership by Essex County Council, IAS, BATIAS, The Essex Safeguarding Adults Board, Essex Police and Castle Point Association of Voluntary Services to help provide people with a learning disability feel safe in Essex.

Easy Read Safeguarding Guide

Southend, Essex and Thurrock have produced an Easy Read Safeguarding Guide, which can be downloaded here.

Have you heard about the Living Well website? Created in partnership with Healthwatch Essex, it has a wealth of advice designed to help more Essex residents, in particular older people, find the support they need to continue living happy, healthy and fulfilling lives.


Whether you are using the site for yourself, family or friends or within a professional capacity, it’s a great source of information for issues such as remaining independent at home, managing health problems, keeping active, finding work, and getting help with finances! There are also hubs for support on autism and getting the most from technology.